Wednesday, June 20, 2018

Tea consumption in Japan

The Japanese population learned the habit of drinking tea from the Chinese in approximately 800 AD. Tea consumption has now been adapted and assimilated by many cultures around the world.

Black tea was first imported to Japan in 1887 at a low volume of 100kg. The tea was not imported from China, but from England due to the adoration Japanese people had for European culture. In

Kamakura era (1191 – 1333), the monk Eisai stressed that beneficial effect of tea in his book, ‘Maintaining Health by Drinking Tea’ in 1211 in which he emphasized: “Tea is miraculous medicine for the maintenance of health.”

The ancients recognized early on the nutritional and especially the health benefits of tea. Tea was therefore in the beginning to a higher degree considered a preventive and curative medicine rather than a pleasurable beverage.

Major tea-growing in regions in Japan are: (1) Shizuoka, (2) Kagoshima, (3) Mie, (4) Kyoto and (5) Fukuoka. The top-three prefectures constitute about 70% of the total tea-growing acreage in Japan. Tea production in each prefecture has different characteristics, for example, Shizuoka, Kagoshima and Miyazaki mainly produce "Sencha," Mie and Fukuoka "Kabusecha," Saga and Kumamoto "Tama-ryokucha," and Kyoto "Gyokuro" and "Matcha”.

In Japan, the consumption of tea is only 760 g per a head per a year (approximately one third of coffee). The tea consumption (money basis) in the home is about 16 percent of all drinks.
Tea consumption in Japan
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